The article describes the determination of the dissociation constant of 4-methoxyphenylcarboxymethyldiethyldithiocarbamate (MPHCMDEDTC) (pKa1 = 2.84). The reagent manifests depolarization properties on a graphite electrode in a wide range of acidity of background solutions. The linear dependence of the wave height on the concentration of the complexing agent is determined in the range from 2.5.10-6 M 5.0.10-4 M. MPHCMDEDTC forms a soluble complex with mercury (II) with a 1: 1 ratio on backgrounds of 0.1 M of СН3СООН, CH3COOK, KNO3 and KCl potassium acetate, nitrate and lithium chloride. A rapid method has been developed for the determination of 0.25-90.0? g / ml of mercury (II) in wastewater of non-ferrous metallurgy and petrochemical enterprises.

Анотація наукової статті з хімічних наук, автор наукової роботи - Rakhmatov Khudoyor Boboniyozovich, Dzhuraeva Shokhista Dilmurodovna, Ismoilova Halavat Dzhabborovna, Dustkabilov Eldor Nurmamatovich, Rakhmatov Erkin Abdikhafizovich


Область наук:

  • хімічні науки

 

Рік видавництва: 2019

Журнал: European science review

Наукова стаття на тему 'Amperometric titration of mercury (II) with mphcmdedtc - a nitrogen-and-sulfur-containing reagent'

Текст наукової роботи на тему «Amperometric titration of mercury (II) with mphcmdedtc - a nitrogen-and-sulfur-containing reagent»

 

?Section 13. Chemistry

Rakhmatov Khudoyor Boboniyozovich, Senior lecturer of machinery and equipment department and chemistry department of the Karshi Engineering Economic Institute E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. Вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її. Dzhuraeva Shokhista Dilmurodovna, Senior professor of chemistry department of the Karshi Engineering Economic Institute Ismoilova Halavat Dzhabborovna, Master of africulture, Senior lecturer of chemistry department of the Karshi Engineering Economic Institute Dustkabilov Eldor Nurmamatovich, Senior professor of oil and gas refining technology department of the Karshi Engineering Economic Institute Rakhmatov Erkin Abdikhafizovich, Senior professor of oil and gas refining technology department of the Karshi Engineering Economic Institute

AMPEROMETRIC TITRATION OF MERCURY (II) WITH MPHCMDEDTC -A NITROGEN-AND-SULFUR-CONTAINING REAGENT

Abstract. The article describes the determination of the dissociation constant of4-methoxyphenylcarboxymeth-yldiethyldithiocarbamate (MPHCMDEDTC) (pKa1 = 2.84). The reagent manifests depolarization properties on a graphite electrode in a wide range of acidity of background solutions. The linear dependence of the wave height on the concentration of the complexing agent is determined in the range from 2.510-6 M - 5.010-4 M. MPHCMDEDTC forms a soluble complex with mercury (II) with a 1: 1 ratio on backgrounds of 0.1 M of CH3COOH, CH3COOK, KNO3 and KCl potassium acetate, nitrate and lithium chloride. A rapid method has been developed for the determination of 0.25-90.0 ^ g / ml of mercury (II) in wastewater of non-ferrous metallurgy and petrochemical enterprises.

Keywords: 4-methoxyphenylcarboxymethyldiethyldithiocarbamate, solution, acetic acid, graphite electrode, electrolyte, reagent, concentration, complex, mercury (II), method, amperometric determination.

Introduction trogen and sulfur. Data on the use of nitrogen-and-sulfur-con-

Complexing agents are widely used in analytical chemistry. taining complexing agents in amperometric titration method

EDTA, also known as Trilon B (sodium ethylenediaminetet- are limited. Data are given for determining the composition

raacetate) is widely used as a titrant (including use in ampero- of the complexes of a number of metals 1-morflino-4-meth-

metric titration method) [1]. The use of EDTA as a titrant for ylhexin-2-ol-4 and ethylene glycol-bis (ethylthioacetic acid)

the amperometric determination of mercury (II) is described [3; 4]. The use of dithiodiacetic acid for the amperometric

in [2]. However, the lower limit of the determined contents in determination of a number of metals, including mercury (II),

this case is very high - 4 ^ g / ml, also Cu (II), Ti (IV), Pb (II), by the current recovery of the reagent at the dropping mer-

Fe (III), Mo (VI) interfere with the determination of mercury. cury electrode [5] has also been described [5]. We found that

In recent years, analytical chemists have been interested the selectivity of the determination of mercury using the ni-

in complexing agents containing heteroatoms, including ni- trogen-sulfur-containing complexing agent MPHMDEDTC

(4-methoxyphenylcarboxymethyldiethyldithiocarbamate) is higher than during the titration of EDTA. Therefore, the use of nitrogen-and-sulfur-containing compounds in the method of amperometric titration is of undoubted interest.

This paper is devoted to the study of the possibility of amperometric titration of mercury (II) with two indicator electrodes with solution of 4-methoxyphenylcarboxymethyl diethyldithiocarbamate (MPHCMDEDTC) in a wide range of aprotic bipolar solvents used in electrochemical studies, such as dimethyl sulfoxide ( DMSO) and dimethylformamide (DMF), which show weak basic properties.

We tried to find the optimal conditions for the amperometric titration of mercury (II) with MPHCMDEDTC solutions in non-aqueous protolytic media on different acid-base properties of background electrolytes. The literature has no data on the amperometric titration of mercury (II) and ions of various metals with MPHCMDEDTC solutions, since it was synthesized relatively recently [6] and, apart from biological activity, their other properties have not yet been studied [7].

Materials and methods

The reference 0.002 M mercury (II) nitrate solution was prepared by dissolving a sample of Hg (NO3) 2H2O (CP) in DMSO or DMF and standardized by aqueous solution. Solutions of lower concentrations were obtained by diluting the reference solution immediately before their use. MPHCMDEDTC (510-2 M) solutions were prepared by accurately weighing the reagent. Mercury (II) solutions were prepared by dissolving a portion of CP mercury nitrate in distilled water, standardization was carried out on sodium chloride [8]. Working solutions of lower concentration were prepared by sequential dilution of the initial solution.

On the curve of potentiometric titration MPHCMD-EDTC a potential jump is observed after addition of two moles of alkali. The acid dissociation constants pKa1 and pKa2 were calculated equal to 2.84 and 4.75, respectively.

0.1 M solutions of CH3COOH, CH3COOK, KNO3 and KCl were used as backgrounds solutions.

Volt-ampere curves of MPHCMDEDTC in the anodic polarization region of the platinum microdisk electrode were recorded using the nnT-1 (PPT-1) and ny-1 (PU-1)

polarographs with recorders: AKA4-003 (LKD4-003) and nAn4-002 (PDP4-002), using a three-electrode cell, design of which is described in [9] and amperometric titration with two indicator rotating platinum electrodes was performed on the previously described equipment. The titrant was dosed with a piston microburette to the accuracy of 0.0005 ml the final volume of the solution prepared for the titration was 10.0 ml.

Results and discussion

Electrochemical oxidation of MPHCMDEDTC has been studied in a wide acidity range of background solutions. Against the background of 0.1 M CH3COOH and ammonium-acetate backgrounds of pH 3.35-5.50 MPHCMDEDTC gives one clear oxidation wave with a current limiting area in the potential range of 1.25-1.45 V that decreases with the increase of pH background electrolytes and disappears at pH > 7.0. At the 0.01 M H2SO4 background no oxidation wave of MPHCMDEDTC was detected, however, oxidation takes place (anodic shift). At the limiting current potential on all backgrounds, the dependence of the current on the reagent concentration is linear. It is established that the limiting current is directly proportional to the concentration of the depolarizer in the range of 2.510-4 - 5.010-4M.

The complexation reaction of mercury (II) with MPHCMDEDTC, was studied using the method of amperometric titration on different acidity backgrounds at E = 1.25-1.45 V by the current of reagent oxidation. At pH > 6.5 fuzzy titration curves were obtained, the end point of the titration is difficult to determine, since under these conditions the height of the titrant oxidation wave decreased. Distinct titration curves with a pronounced kink were obtained on the backgrounds of 0.1 M CH3COOH, CH3COOK, KNO3, KCl as well as using ammonium acetate mixtures with pH 3.35-5.50.

Data on the titration of reference mercury (II) solution with a reagent lead to a conclusion, that complex of molar ratio of mercury (II) and MPHCMDEDTC is formed at a ratio of 1: 1 on titration backgrounds. The results of the titration of mercury (II) with the solution MPHCMDEDTC presented in table 1. The data show that the lower limit of the determined content of mercury (II) is 0.25 ^ g / ml.

Table 1.- The results of the determination of various amounts of mercury (II) with a solution of MPHCMDEDTC in acetic acid

Introduced Hg (II), yg Found metal, yg (P = 0.95; x ± AX) n S S r

25.48 25.43 ± 3 0.21 0.008

50.96 51.23 ± 3 0.11 0.002

101.9 101.4 ± 4 0.34 0.003

231.4 234.0 ± 4 0.26 0.001

462.7 462.8 ± 3 0.36 0.001

The possibility of selective determination of mercury (II) in the presence of a number of related elements has been studied. The results are presented in (table 2). It has been esTable 2.- The results of amperometric titration in acetic acid on the background of 0.25

tablished that any amounts of Cd, Zn, Co, Ni, Al, Cu, Pb, Ca, Mg do not interfere with the amperometric determination of mercury (II).

of mercury (II) with a solution of MPHCMDEDTC M of potassium acetate in model mixtures

Analyzed mixture composition, yg Found Hg, yg (P = 0.95; x ± AX) n S S r

Hg (25.07) + Cd (4.85) 25.42 ± 5 0.32 0.0l3

Hg (25.07) + Mg (20.55) 24.65 ± 4 0.28 0.0ll

Hg (50.14) + Cd (35.62) + Zn (l0.58) 50.5l ± 4 0.45 0.009

Hg (50.14) + Mg (6.45) + Ni (28.50) 49.85 ± 5 0.53 0.0ll

Hg (75.2l) + Cd (l0.45) + Ca (l5.63) + Al (l44.57) 75.96 ± 5 0.45 0.006

Hg (75.2l) + Zn (l50.40) + Al (l6.55) + Pb (2.75) 74.7l ± 5 0.67 0.009

At high chromium (III) concentration, the results of mercury (II) determination were lowered, which may be due to the formation of a complex of chromium (III) with MPHCMDEDTC and a change in the slope of the titration curve after the equivalence point [3]. Silver (I) content of up to a 50-fold excess does not affect the results of the mercury

(II) determination. The determination of mercury (II) in the presence of manganese (II) is difficult because of the high and unstable initial current, which is the result of the oxidation of manganese (II) at a given potential. The possibility of amperometric determination of mercury (II) in the presence of a 10-fold excess of vanadium (V) and iron

(III) has been established.

Methods of analysis: 0.2 g of mesityl oxide is added to an aliquot of the analyzed solution containing 5-75 ^ g of mercury (II), then the pH is adjusted to 4.5-5.0 with caustic po-

tassium and hydrochloric acid, the solution is diluted to 50 ml and extracted mercury (ii) for 1 min with 10 ml of mesityl oxide. After separation of the phases, the extract is destroyed by heating with chromic anhydride or hydrogen peroxide, then collected in a 25 ml flask, and brought to the mark, an aliquot of the analyzed solution is taken (2-5 ml), create optimal conditions for conducting amperometric titration (2.0 ml 0, 25 M potassium acetate and the required amount of acetic acid) and titrate the mercury (II) with a solution MPHCMDEDTC.

The results of the titration of mercury (II) with a solution of MPHCMDEDTC in the extracts are given in (Table 3). As can be seen from the data in the tables, the developed methods for amperometric titration of mercury (II) with MPHCMDEDTC solution in various artificial mixtures of salts after its extraction separation are distinguished by relatively high accuracy and very good selectivity.

Table 3.- The results of the amperometric titration of mercury (II) with the MPHCMDEDTC solution directly in the extracts (extraction reagent - mesityl oxide; backgrounds -potassium acetate, nitrate and lithium chloride, (AE = 0.75 B))

Analyzed mixture composition,% Found Hg, yg (II),% (P = 0.95; x = AX) n S S r

Hg (3.l54) + Bi (5.60) + Sn (9l.24) 3.l62 ± 0.079 4 0.05 0.0l6

Hg (l.072) + Au (0.56) + Cd (98.36) l.077 ± 0.063 4 0.04 0.037

Hg (5.275) + Ir (l4.62) + Cu (80.l0) 5.259 ± 0.025 5 0.02 0.004

Hg (0.294) + Bi (ll.40) + Ir (0.36) + Zn (87.94) 0.304 ± 0.0l6 4 0.0l 0.033

Hg (0.435) + Ni (56.3l) + Sn (28.65) + Mg (l4.60) 0.42l ± 0.032 4 0.02 0.047

Hg (l.l50) + Cd (65.l2) + Pt (0.53) + Bi (33.20) l.l40 ± 0.048 4 0.03 0.026

Hg (0.684) + Co (45.l8) + 0s (0.47) + Cd (48.34) 0.675 ± 0.025 5 0.02 0.030

Hg (l.027) + Zn (l2.43) + Pb (50.66) + Ni (34.44) l.0l7 ± 0.0l8 4 0.03 0.029

Hg (0.342) + Mn (3l.l2) + Cd (0.88) + Sn (0.65) 0.335 ± 0.025 5 0.02 0.060

As shown by the data in the tables, amperometric titration the found contents correspond to the introduced quantities of the studied metals with a solution of MPHCMDEDTC and do not exceed the limits of the confidence intervals, and results in fairly accurate and reproducible results. In all cases, the relative standard deviation does not exceed 0.06.

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Ключові слова: 4-METHOXYPHENYLCARBOXYMETHYLDIETHYLDITHIOCARBAMATE /SOLUTION /ACETIC ACID /GRAPHITE ELECTRODE /ELECTROLYTE /REAGENT /CONCENTRATION /COMPLEX /MERCURY (II) /METHOD /AMPEROMETRIC DETERMINATION

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